Where are motherboards produced these days and by whom?

Like many PC network products and main products, which are being defined as “products that are used for LANs (local area networks), PSTN (public switched telephone network), ISDN (integrated services networks), ASDL (asymmetric digital subscriber loop), and cable modems.

Main products include “network interface cards, hubs, bridging switches, modems and routers”(Electronic Computer Glossary), motherboards are mostly produced in Asian countries like China, Thailand, Vietnam or Korea. While many producer companies are based in Europe or the USA, the production is much cheaper in Asia, because of the production of raw materials nearby and low costs for labor. One problem though, is the production and distribution of pirated material, which is in number higher in countries, with low paid labor and great access to the original products.